A Beginner’s Guide To Perfume Types
Shopping for the next scent can be a tricky affair; after all, how can you decide with so many to choose from?
Let our fragrance strengths and styles of fragrances guide help you find out what perfume or aftershave you should be looking for next!
Most of you who frequently post on my website is now hard-core perfume addicts, but a substantial number of readers are not “fume heads” and are only hiding, feeling out of their depth. Perfume is a world they ‘re intrigued by, but it’s a bit alien to them and they’re unsure of where to start or how to start. It all looks really complicated and a bit overwhelming!
I ‘m sure they wonder how half the things perfume bloggers detect or write about can even smell on earth.
Shopping for new perfume with all the fragrances available can be overwhelming. There are not only numerous scents available but also various concentrations of fragrances. Below the perfume name on a bottle would usually be the concentration of the fragrance. A concentration of the scent refers to the power a scent has. Perfumes with a higher concentration of fragrances use more oils for the scent and less alcohol. The concentrations of fragrances are classified into categories like perfume, eau de parum, eau de toilette, eau de cologne, and eau fraiche.
And I am much more convinced that the world of perfumes seems much too expensive to become addicted to in such a way that one may become obsessed with nail varnish, cosmetics, or books. So, this post is a way to remind all of you silent lurkers and perfume newbies that you can not only know quickly, not just train your nose, but also join the perfume world without (totally) breaking.
Fragrance Families The first step to discovering your favorite perfume is to grasp the completely different scent households that each fragrance and aftershave is predicated on.
Also, you can read about What is Fragrance Wheel and Olfactory Families?
Also, you can read about What is Fragrance Wheel and Olfactory Families?
Fresh fragrances often comprise of citrus, water, and inexperienced notes. This means they’ve refreshing, zesty and vibrant smells. Citrus-based fragrances are often created with lemon, mandarin, and bergamot, whereas water fragrances are made with aquatic notes like sea spray; suppose L’Eau d’Issey by Issey Miyake, or Acqua di Gio by Armani. Fresh inexperienced fragrances are sometimes harking back to natural and leafy scents for a crisp, uplifting odor.
They can generally be known as fragrant fougère fragrances, created with notes of lavender, rosemary, or basil. Floral fragrances are probably the most standard households, and one of many broadest. Any perfume that has a candy and flowery scent will belong under this household, utilizing notes reminiscent of roses, jasmine, lilies, and peonies. Floral fragrances can range from being mild and delicate to extra complicated and intense.
Oriental fragrances are heat, candy, and even just a little spicy. An extra luxurious perfume household, oriental fragrances fluctuate from floral oriental, comfortable oriental, and woody oriental. Perfumes and aftershaves on this household are rich and sensual, usually made with attention-grabbing notes of cardamom, cinnamon, vanilla alongside the likes of jasmine, orchid and orange blossom.
Woody fragrances are one other heat household, with a mysterious and charming scent that’s usually favored amongst aftershaves particularly. Using wood-based smells like cedarwood, sandalwood, vetiver, and amber, it’s an excellent choice for sporting within the night. Woody fragrances are break up into mossy woods with an earthy, candy undertone, and dry woods which regularly have a smoky, leathery odor to them.
Understanding Fragrance Notes
You will usually see top, center, and base notes getting used to explain a perfume. The top notes of a perfume, also referred to as the top or opening notes, are what you odor instantly after spraying your fragrance or aftershave; they evaporate shortly however will type the primary impression of the perfume.
The center, or coronary heart, notes seem as soon as the top notes have disappeared. These notes are thought of to be the principle physique of the perfume, lasting longer than the top notes and are often well-rounded. Base notes are what’s left on the finish; it’s this odor that you simply bear in mind probably the most. The base notes are the longest enduring, mixing with center notes to create the total physique of the fragrance of aftershave.
You’ve little question already heard the phrases ‘eau de parfum’ and ‘eau de toilette’, however, what do they really imply? These completely different perfume varieties denote the energy, and the way long they’re more likely to final when you’ve sprayed them. Fragrances are created by mixing fragrance oil with alcohol; the extra fragrance oil, the stronger the perfume, and the longer it is going to final.
Eau de Parfum (EDP) is the strongest kind of fragrance we promote. Eau de Parfum accommodates between 10-20% of fragrance oil and is a well-liked choice with each fragrance manufacturers and clients. Eau de Parfum will usually final round eight hours.
Eau de Toilette (EDT) is subsequent, containing around 5-15% of fragrance oil. Eau de Toilette fragrances usually have a fast burst of gorgeous smells earlier than fading; that means they will make an excellent first impression. Generally, these fragrances will final someplace between Four and seven hours.
Eau de Cologne is a lot lighter choice than the earlier two. Eau de Cologne has solely round 2-4% of fragrance oil and is commonly used as a physique splash to clean up at common intervals. As a rule, Eau de Cologne doesn’t final long; maybe round 2-Three hours. The lightest focus we promote is Eau Fraiche. There is barely 1-2% of fragrance oil in this sort of perfume and is extremely mild. This is ideal for many who don’t need a heavy scent! Eau Fraiche will solely final a few hours at best, however they’re nice for making a refined, delicate perfume.
Parfum also called extrait de parfum or pure fragrance has the best perfume focus. Parfum will include anyplace from 15% to 40% perfume nonetheless focus is usually between 20% to 30% for many parfums. Of all scents, parfums final the longest; normally six to eight hours. Parfum typically additionally instructions the best value of all of the perfume sorts because of the high focus of perfume. People with delicate pores and skin could do higher with parfums as they’ve far much less alcohol than different perfume sorts and subsequently aren’t as prone to dry out the pores and skin.
Eau de Parfum
After parfum, eau de parfum (EDP) has the following highest focus of perfume. Eau de parfum typically has a perfume focus of between 15% and 20%. On common, eau de parfum will final for 4 to 5 hours. It can be typically inexpensive that parfum and whereas it does have the next focus of alcohol than parfum, it’s higher for delicate pores and skin than different perfume sorts. Eau de parfum is without doubt one of the most typical perfume sorts and is appropriate for on a regular basis put on.
Eau de Toilette
Eau de toilette (EDT) has a perfume focus of between 5% and 15%. It is cheaper than eau de parfum and is without doubt one of the hottest varieties of perfume out there. EDT perfume will usually final for 2 to a few hours. Eau de toilette is taken into account by some to be for daywear whereas eau de parfum is taken into account nightwear. The time period eau de toilette got here from the French time period “faire sa toilette” which implies preparing.
Eau de Cologne
Eau de cologne, or EDC, has a lot of decrease focus of perfume than the above varieties of fragrance. EDC typically has a 2% to 4% p.c focus of perfume and a high focus of alcohol. It is cheaper than different varieties of perfume nonetheless the scent typically solely lasts for as much as two hours. EDC typically is available in larger bottles and extra of the perfume must be used. Originally eau de cologne referred to a conventional recipe that used herb and citrus notes with little anchoring with base notes.
Eau fraiche is just like eau de cologne in that the scent will typically final for as much as two hours. Eau fraiche has an excellent decrease focus of perfume than eau de cologne, usually only one% to three%. While eau fraiche has a low perfume focus, it doesn’t include a high quantity of alcohol. Along with the perfume, the rest of eau fraiche is generally water.
Along with the varieties of fragrance listed above, there are mists, aftershaves, and different varieties of fragrances out there. Higher finish fragrances can price a big amount of cash so doing analysis beforehand will be certain that you get the kind of perfume you might be in search of. Along with perfume sorts, there are additionally perfume notes which decide the ultimate scent. With the entire sorts and smells out there, purchasing for fragrance just isn’t at all times straightforward however it’s attainable.
SMELL THE WORLD AROUND YOU:
Victoria’s fifth level is one which I might start with in case you are fully new to fragrance and/or wish to prepare your nostril.
Smell Things Around You
If you might be motivated to be taught extra about scents, scent fragrant issues round you–herbs, teas, coffees, chocolate, olive oil, mangoes piled up on the grocery retailer. Many perfumers come from a household of perfume professionals, largely as a result of they’re taught to make use of their nostrils at an early age. You could not have an arsenal of important oils and perfumery supplies, however, if you happen to can simply sniff fruits or spices as you store, you’ll not solely hone your nostril like an expert, you’ll find yourself with higher productivity in your desk. Open your spice cupboard and sniff cinnamon, allspice, or vanilla extract. You needn’t order a costly pattern of Lorenzo Villoresi Piper Nigrum when you’ve got black pepper in your kitchen. Crush the peppercorns and scent the brilliant top notes. Notice how they scent citrusy and funky.
Then sniff them 10 minutes later to note the woody-smoky nuances. The scent of spices is as complicated as that of any fragrance, and most of your favorite fragrances most likely use a spice or two of their formulation. I can’t emphasize sufficient the significance of her level. Go out and scent essentially the most staple items round you. If you’re on the park together with your child, pick up some earth and scent what it’s like when moist or dry. That earthy scent is one thing that’s usually in perfumes, whether or not because of the dry-down end to patchouli, musk, or different parts. If you’re strolling by some flowers — like daffodils (usually referred to as narcissus in perfumery) — or if you happen to close to some pine timber, go up and provides them a whiff. Close your eyes, deeply inhale, and attempt to mark the aroma in your psychological “Scent Library.”
Then, in fact, there may be the entire world out there to you in your kitchen or grocery store. Check out what cardamom, coriander or pink pepper smells like.
Try roasting among the spices to see how the aroma could progress or change. Take a bottle of Cinnamon, All-Spice, or Cloves, give it a whiff after which strive to place on touch in your wrist the place your pulse level could deliver out the warmth.
See how your physique chemistry impacts the scent, particularly over the course of an hour (or 4). Cumin is in a whole lot of richer, spicier perfumes, and you could be shocked to see the way it works in your precise pores and skin or how the scent can change over time. That earthy scent will be similar to the “skank” that fragrance bloggers usually speak about. At the chance of sounding like a very deranged loon, I might additionally advocate attempting another easy workout:
You’ve purchased a brand new leather-based purse, scent the within. That smooth notice of suede or leather-based is in a whole lot of perfumes, whether or not a vanilla area of interest ones like Tom of Finland from Etat Libre d’Orange or in additional mass-market perfumes like Ralph Lauren‘s Polo. You may want to also compare the smell of your new purse to that of an old leather jacket, leather gloves, or suede purse to see you can detect differences in the leather.
Next time you go to IKEA or a furniture store, stop by the wooden chest of drawers, open them and give the inside a whiff. So many perfumes nowadays have wood notes and — while you may not have access to things like agarwood (oud) or sandalwood — you can train your nose to pick up wood notes, even if they’re recent and lightweight ones.
Lovely Little Things BlogspotNext time you’re cooking, take out a lemon, grapefruit or orange, and slice opens the pores and skin. Smell it when it’s simply recent and zingy, and examine the scent to that of the pulp inside. The oils within the rind ought to make a distinction in the way in which the notice interprets: both extra bitter, extra zesty, extra concentrated, or extra fragrant.
- I might do the identical factor for peaches, one of many extra fashionable fruits utilized in perfumes. Smell the flesh and imprint its notes in your memory.
- Smell recent plums, and examine the scent to these of dried prunes. Then, examine each aroma to that of raisins. Can you detect the variations?
- If you go to an Indian restaurant and order a curry or pilau rice dish, take just a few moments to simply sniff it together with your eyes closed. See if you happen to can detect any cumin, cardamom, or coriander within the curry. The rice could well have saffron in it and, for these of you who don’t have saffron in your kitchens, it can allow you to develop into accustomed to a notice that’s more and more widespread in perfumes.
Rum & Coke, subsequent to a hand-made “Rum & Coke” cleaning soap from Aromaholic.internet (click on on the picture for the hyperlink.)Are you celebrating a birthday or anniversary with champagne? Is Rum & Coke one in all your favorite drinks? Do you ever purchase rum raisin ice cream? Then scent it.
Champagne’s fizzy notes are sometimes repeated in perfumes, particularly these with aldehydes. And rum is often utilized in many, many gourmand scents. (It’s in so many who, typically, I really feel as if I ought to simply have a class for “Boozy Rum Perfumes!”)
- Do you ever go to a backyard nursery to purchase crops, out to the countryside, or to a farm? If so, use these alternatives to present a sniff to the orchids, tuberose, jasmine, and, specifically, to any timber they could promote. Try to see if they’ve any moss or peat mendacity round. And, on the threat of repeating myself, I can’t emphasize sufficient how helpful it’s to scent earth — whether or not recent, dry, moist, moist, or dusty. If you’re within the nation and see any hay, a scent that as well. All of those floral, woody, inexperienced, and earthy aromas are widespread in fragrance. In reality, they’re among the most often used notes round!
The level of all that is to point out you that it’s very easy to coach your nostril as soon as you might be conscious of what number of fragrance notes are on the planet around you.
Another level that Bois de Jasmin brings up is the significance of the classics. Knowing the traditional, legendary “basics” will allow you to higher perceive trendy perfumes — whether or not an area of interest or mass-market. As the founding father of Basenotes put it in a New York Times article concerning the traditional males’ colognes, “They’re like benchmarks — anything that comes after is almost always a direct descendant[.]” The similar most undoubtedly applies to ladies’ perfumes. You could not wish to put on Estée Lauder’s Youth Dew or Chanel No. 5, however, it’s best to know what they smell like so that you have a reference level. As Victoria explains so well:
Nose on Classics
I don’t assume that anyone must have fragrance classics of their wardrobe or that it’s best to even like them. But as you dip your toe into the fragrance interest, scent the classics to study perfumes which can be thought of nice. The classics out there at the moment are sometimes reformulated. Even so, they had been created at a time when fragrance budgets had been massive, so even with the reformulations, the standard is usually spectacular. Though Chanel has reformulated Chanel No 19, it stays an expensive system, and I do know of just a few perfumes available on the market that price as a lot as No 19 to supply.
Even in case, your native mall is miserable when it comes to fragrance choices, I guess that it has Estée Lauder, Lancôme, Chanel, and Dior. Smell Estée Lauder Youth Dew and at the same time as you discover it too thick and heavy, discover how its dry-down has a heat, chocolate-like sweetness. Or strive Dior’s Eau Sauvage, one of many best recent citrus scents out there at the moment. Don’t really feel obligated to like the classics. Revisit them occasionally to see if you happen to discover new sides to take pleasure in, however, if you happen to don’t find yourself in love with Guerlain’s Mitsouko, there are many different perfumes to find.
For occasion, I don’t a lot look after the grand dame Joy (Jean Patou), but when I wish to know what wonderful jasmine smells like, Joy is my top choice.
Smell Classics Before Diving Headlong into Niche
It’s best to scent classics is that many dear areas of interest perfumes are actually nothing however dressed up classical concepts. Bond No 9 Scent of Peace = Dolce & Gabbana Light Blue. Tom Ford Private Blend Bois Rouge = Guerlain Habit Rouge. Amouage Gold = Madame Rochas. It doesn’t imply that it’s best to choose Habit Rouge to Bois Rouge, however smelling classics offers you an extra knowledgeable manner of creating your decisions.
TEST YOUR OWN PERFUMES OR SEPHORA SAMPLES:
Put on MORE fragrance than you’d if you happen to had been going to work; you’re within the security of your individual dwelling and don’t have to fret about your co-workers’ allergy points. Plus, a higher quantity could allow you to detect extra notes than if you happen to had been placed on a discreet, work-appropriate quantity. Dab or spray on each arm, your pulse factors, and maybe on the base of your neck. You must be conscious that there’s usually a distinction in how a fragrance can scent relying on whether or not you dab it on or spray. (It has to do with the molecules being aerosolized.) Once you’ve performed all that and have your notepad earlier than you, shut your eyes and take a deep whiff of your arm (or wrist). Hopefully, you’ve put fragrance on totally different locations in your arm, so you may see how the scent could develop on areas that don’t pulse factors. For my private use, I apply fragrance throughout however, once I check, I main apply scent to my left forearm. Whenever doable, although, I attempt to apply fragrances to each forearm as a result of I’ve typically seen a variation in how one thing smells from one arm to the subsequent. Don’t ask me why it doesn’t make a lot of sense, however, I believe that the pores and skin on my proper arm are likely to be a bit drier than that on my left one. (Dryness can impression how long a perfume lasts in your pores and skin, so maybe it additionally influences which note it brings out, too.)
As you sniff, look at your checklist of the fragrance’s notes. Do you scent any of the issues listed? Is the very first thing that you simply detect one thing that’s listed as a “base” ingredient? If so, don’t fear. If one thing is within the “base,” that typically simply implies that the ingredient’s molecules are heavier than the remaining in order that they are going to linger on the pores and skin longer. (It’s a bit extra difficult than that, however that’s the gist.)
Just as a result of one thing is listed as a “base” notice, doesn’t imply that you’ll solely scent it on the finish of a fragrance’s improvement. Plus, pores and skin chemistry will be wonky and might make an enormous distinction in how perfumes scent from one individual to the subsequent. In different phrases, don’t assume your nostril is “off” or “wrong” since you scent one thing instantly that’s listed as a “base” or as a result of others say they detect it a lot later.
As you’re testing out your pattern, jot down how the scent could change over time in your pores and skin and any impressions that type in your thoughts. Compare your experiences with these of others by studying the Fragrantica evaluations. That notice that you simply couldn’t fairly pinpoint and work out? Well, somebody wrote that they smelled coriander (to present only a hypothetical instance).
Is that what you smelled?
Go to your kitchen cupboard, take out a jar of coriander, scent it, and see if that’s the notice which perplexed you. If it’s not coriander, then it is likely to be one of many elements that you simply not accustomed to like, for instance, labdanum, oppoponax, calone or peru balsam. You could wish to learn the Fragrantica rationalization for that ingredient or flip to my
YOUR PERFUME PROFILE:
Doing small workouts just like the one above will be an effective way not solely to coach your “nose,” but additionally to study your fragrance profile. We all come to the fragrance from totally different backgrounds, pasts, and views. Did you develop up in a home the place a lot of the ladies wore powdery scents, recent scents, or Orientals? Did the boys put on citrus scents or rich, woody ones? You could also be shocked to find out how your childhood experiences can affect your fragrance tastes as a grownup.
But, even if you happen to grow up in a family the place perfume was not often used, you continue to have a “perfume profile” (as I name it) at the moment. You simply must be taught what sorts of perfumes you might be drawn to, as a result of all perfumes have a class. It’s actually akin to having a fragrance household. Are you a member of that fragrance’s clan, or do you like one other clan? Perhaps you’re a member of a whole lot of totally different clans, from fruity-florals to clean-greens and candy gourmands? Using Fragrantica to learn up concerning the fundamentals of a few of your favorite perfumes will enable you to uncover which fragrance class or classes you like best.
Take your Thierry Mugler Angel, Narcisco Rodriguez For Her, Viktor & Rolf Flowerbomb or Dior J’Adore, and see what Fragrantica says. Angel is assessed as an Oriental Vanilla; For Her is a “Floral Woody Musk;” Flowerbomb is categorized as a Floral Oriental; J’Adore is a Fruity Floral. I don’t at all times agree with Fragrantica’s classes but it surely’s actually simply a difficulty of semantics; as a complete, it’s an implausible technique to begin studying about your fragrance profile and what kinds of belongings you typically like. Remember although, you’re not locked in stone in some classes, and it’s best to at all times give one thing a check sniff to see if there may be an exception to the rule.
Reading up in your favorite perfumes is helpful for an additional cause: it can let you understand if there are any notes that you simply significantly drawn to. A buddy who learn my review of Chanel‘s Sycomore had a light-bulb moment and went to look up some of her scents on Fragrantica. As she wrote to me, she suddenly realized many of her favorites had Vetiver in them! Do any of your favorites have a common note that you never realized before? It may help you to learn if you do, especially when reading perfume notes in the future.
OK, I’VE DONE ALL THAT. NOW, WHAT?
Once you’ve skilled your nostril a little bit, learned what household of perfumes you like, and given a sniff to among the classics at your native division retailer, the subsequent step is an area of interest perfumes. But they’re not low cost, and also you won’t discover them in your native Macy’s or Sephora. A big quantity won’t even be out there at Saks, Neiman Marcus, Harrods, or comparable shops. What I might do is: learn some weblog evaluations, see what tempts you, after which hit the pattern websites. These fragrances are far too costly and, in some instances, edgy so that you can threaten a blind buy. Plus, you by no means understand how one thing will develop in your pores and skin. What it smells like within the ten minutes might not be the way it finally ends up after three hours and even six hours. So, purchase samples first! You have plenty of totally different choices for samples. In the U.S., Surrender to Chance (my private favorite and choice, because of the decrease delivery price), Luckyscent, The Twisted Lily, Osswald NYC, Indigo Perfumery, or The Perfumed Court all provide samples of the area of interest perfumes that might not be in any other case accessible to you.
The boutiques like Twisted Lily or Indigo often provide discovery units, like 5 for $18, or units with themes (like Fall fragrances, for instance). Surrender to Chance does the identical. In the case of Osswald, their samples typically find yourself being cheaper per ml than these of different locations, significantly for among the ultra-expensive manufacturers that they carry. Many of the websites ship world-wide, like Luckyscent, Twisted Lily, and Surrender to Chance. The latter expenses a flat worldwide fee of $12.95 for abroad orders beneath $150 and, throughout the US, you actually can’t beat their $2.95 delivery fee on any and all orders, huge or small.
In Paris, Jovoy is a mecca for Haute area of interest perfumes, and I’ve learned that they’re pleased to ship you dwelling with samples if you happen to uncertain of a perfume. There can be eBay. You’d be shocked how many individuals wish to dump their fragrance samples — in all sizes and quantities. From Chanel to Amouage, Serge Lutens, and European area of interest exclusives, it’s all there. I’ve been fortunate to get some nice offers on fragrance samples on eBay, although it’s best to have a normal thought of the costs for sure manufacturers on the common pattern websites first.
On just a few events, among the samples I’ve obtained on eBay have truly been priced significantly better — for the rarity and quantity — than the pricing on locations like Surrender to Chance. The eBay cell app is a very handy technique to save searches and be notified of the latest additions. For me, I discover it simpler and extra manageable than even the common e-mail notifications you will get on your computer. I’ve searches arrange by model and, additionally, by normal class (like “niche perfume samples”).
I personally go for sellers who’re within the US, however, I’ve pals who’ve scored some nice offers for Tom Ford from abroad sellers. Just bear in mind that the UK has some new postal restrictions pertaining to fragrance so, if you happen to a US reader, I might keep on with home sellers.
FAQ’s – A Beginner’s Guide To Perfume Types
Eau de toilette vs eau de parfum: What’s the distinction?
The distinction is solely the quantity or focus of oils within the perfume. Eau de parfum has the next focus than eau de toilette, making it a stronger perfume. There can also be pure fragrance, which has the very best focus, and eau de cologne, which has the bottom focus of oils.
What is the distinction between a splash and a sprig?
There is completely no distinction within the perfume. The distinction is within the technique of utility solely. However, a sprig bottle, being sealed on a regular basis, may very well have an extended shelf life. Making the choice between spray and splash is completely a matter of private desire.
What is a tester?
Testers are much more discounted than the flamboyant boxed variations and are nice if you do not have a necessity for the flamboyant field. Testers are 100% genuine, contemporary, and utterly full identical to the unique perfume, nonetheless, they’re meant for the counter in a division retailer. Testers usually are available in a plain white field however generally they don’t have a cap or a field. The financial savings on the packaging means you save much more!
Why do some males put on Cologne, and others favor to put on After Shave?
After Shave Lotion will normally sting as well as assist shut the pores after shaving. After Shave Balm is definitely soothing to the pores and skin. After Shave Gel additionally soothes the pores and skin, however, cools the pores and skin as well and relieves razor burn.
What do perfume notes check with?
Fragrances are comprised of many different scents, these scents are referred to as “notes.” Top notes are very gentle and final only a few minutes (5-10 minutes). Middle notes change into obvious in about 15 minutes after utility. These can last as long as an hour or extra. Bottom notes are the heavier components. These final the longest, normally for a number of hours.
How am I able to hold my perfume from going dangerous?
Summary – A Beginner’s Guide To Perfume Types
I hope a few of these suggestions have been helpful. My aim was so that you can know that fragrance is just not some terrifying, alien world that’s simply too difficult and too costly so that you can discover. We all begin someplace! You could not assume you will have a “nose,” however you are likely to be shocked! Perhaps you’ve simply by no means actually thought of what you’re smelling, or put it in a context that your thoughts understand.
I feel everyone knows what peaches or pine timber scent like however, typically, we simply don’t have the phrases to explain what our minds already know. If you got down to prepare your nostril a little bit, the connection between your thoughts, your memory of already catalogued scents, and your nostril will develop into stronger. The important factor to recollect is that fragrance is meant to be an enjoyable journey. It lets you go to the forests of Peru, the spice markets of Istanbul or Marrakesh, or the unique isles of Malaysia.
It can take you again in time to the dressing rooms of the Moulin Rouge within the 1880s; to the world of the Cossacks on the icy Siberian steppes of Tsarist Russia; or to the rich, wood-paneled library of Downton Abbey the place aristocratic lords smoked cheroots in huge leather-based armchairs. Where you go is as much as you. But go discover!
Also, you can read about What is Fragrance Wheel and Olfactory Families?